Integrated Water Resources Magagement JEP 31054 - 2003
About News Partners Schedule Participants Gallery Downloads Links Legal Notice

Latest News

Minutes of Workshop IWRM
7th - 8 th Feb 2006 Al-Baath University Homs - SYRIA

All related files can be downloaded in the   >>> Download-Section.

7th of February 2006

Location: lecture Room of Al-Baath University

9:00 Registration and Assembly of the participants in the lecture Room

10:00 - 10:30 Speech of Vice Rector of Al-Baath University Dr Zahi Al Shawaf

10:30 - 12:00 Presentation by Dr. Wail Abu El Shar, JUST, of a short lecture course on Virtual Water

12:00 - 12:30 1st Negotiation Seminar: Presentation by Dr. Munjed Al-Sharif, JUST, Jordanian Position on Yarmouk Basin Integrated Development

12:30 coffee break

13:00-16:00: Presentations and working groups discussions on the content of the following modules:

1. Water Resources Assessment

2. Water Use Efficiency in the Cities and Townships

3. Water Use Efficiency in Agriculture

4. Integrated Water Resources Management and Planning

16:00: Dinner in Al MAHATA restaurant

8th of February 2006

Location: TEMPUS Modelling and Teaching Room

10:00-12:30 Presentations and working groups’ discussions on the modules content

12:30 coffee break

13:00: Concluding remarks

14:45 End of the session

Concluding remarks

Presentation on Virtual Water by Dr. Wail Abu El Shar: The short course has been evaluated as excellent and accepted as a teaching material. If needed, the Syrian partners can visit JUST to be trained on its pedagogical and substantive modalities.

At the 1st Negotiation Seminar Dr. Munjed Al-Sharif presented the Jordanian Position on Yarmouk Basin Integrated Development. The presentation is making use of the methodolgy for integrated river bassin development and is treating only Jordanian part of the story.

To prepare the Syrian part a working group, under the heading of Dr. Maen Azmeh, has been called for with an aim to come up by with the Syrian position on the issue. By 1st of April the paper will be sent to JUST and then at the next meeting planned for 18 th till 20th of April in JUST, Irbid, the two sides will be exsercising negotiations at a conflict resolution session.

Discussion on the content of the modules:

Dr Amjad Zeno will present his contribution to the project evalutation in due time.

Prof. Dr. Hans-Peter Nachtnebel reported that Dr Maan Salameh has done an enormous work for colleciting and summarising the relevant material for the course on Water Use Efficiency in Agriculture . He recommneded to include risk uncertainty, some computer simulation models as well as some legal aspects. In so far as the course is planned for two semesters the volume of the material has been evaluated as adequate. Here also the Ministry of Higher Education will have to accredit the course before publishing.

Dr Amjad Shaker presented the moduel on Integrated Water Resources Management and Planning. He has improved cardinally his presentation skills and both the data and the substance was found as good. Dr Balabanov suggested adding Planning to this module. It has been recommended to structure the module in line with the lectures

By the end of May the Ministry of Higher Education will have to accredit all proposed courses and only then they would be released for publishing. Concerning the finalizing of the textbook Dr Balabanov informed the participant that the total available financing is about 15,000 EUR and these funds can be claimed only after the accreditation of the textbooks.

Dr. Azmeh proposed establishing a texbook evaluation comitee by the Syrian partners

During a discussion with the head department Dr Bassam AlKhuder the idea for a new SCM dissemination project has been discussed and it may be feasible to form a partnership with the Univesities in Latakia, Allepo and Racka. To that end Dr. Balabanov contacted the financier of Racka School - Dr. De Vries – for a possible partnership. Dr Bassam AlKhuder will be clarifying someother project modalities and will be reporting by May 2006. The deadline for application is October 2006.

Comments by Prof. Holzmann related to the Module on Water Resources Assessment
7th - 8 th Feb 2006 Al-Baath University Homs - SYRIA

REVIEW of the Module WATER RESOURCES ASSESSMENT, presented at the workshop on the textbook review in Homs (Syria), 6 th to 8 th of February 2006


According to the results of the Meeting in Damascus Oct. 2005 the preliminary outlines of the course module in Water Resources Assessment are as defined in table 1. The involved persons of the working group are as follows:

- Dr. Chiblak, Damascus University;

- Dr. Marai, Damascus University;

- Dr. Tujjar, Damascus University;

- Dr. Suliman, Al-Baath Univ. Homs;

- Dr. Hamza Ali, Al-Baath Univ. Homs;

- Dr. Al-Sharif, Irbid Univ, Jordan.

- Dr. Holzmann, BOKU Univ. Vienna;

Table 1: Draft outlines of module water resources assessment.

Order Title No. Of Units University Staff
1 Basics of water resources 2 DU Dr. Chiblak
2 Elements of water resources assessment 1 DU Dr. Chiblak
3 Probability and statistic in water resource assessment 3 DU Dr. Chiblak
4 Water demand 2 DU< Dr. Chiblak
5 Data base system and GIS 4 BU Dr. Hamza Ali
6 Monitoring systems 1 DU Dr. Chiblak+Tujjar
7 Modeling tools 4 BU, JUST Dr. HamzarAli + Al-Sharif
8 Scenario development 4 BU, JUST Dr. Hamzar Ali + Al-Sharif
9 Surface water assessment 4 BU, JUST Dr. A.Suliman +Al-Sharif
10 Sediment transport 4 BU, JUST Dr. A.Suliman +Al-Sharif
  Case study in surface water assessment 4 BU+DU, JUST, BOKU Dr. A.Suliman +Al-Sharif
11 Ground water system assessment 4 DU, JUST Dr. Tujjar + Abu ElShar
  Case study in ground water assessment 4 DU+BU, JUST Dr. Tujjar + Abu ElShar
12 Environnemental consideration 3 DU, JUST Dr. Tujjar + Abu ElShar
  Project 4 DU+BU. JUST  
Total   48    


At the Meeting of October 2005 it was agreed, that contributions would be submitted to the reviewers in advance to the February meeting. Only the contribution of Dr. Hamza Ali on GIS application was provided in advance, the other contributions were introduced and discussed during the meeting.

All related files can be downloaded in the   >>> Download-Section.

In the following the particular contributions are discussed:

(a) Contribution of Dr. Suliman

In agreement with the outlines Dr. Suliman was responsible for the topics

Surface water assessment,

Sediment transport and

Case studies in surface water assessment.

The contribution comprises of a digital text in Power Point format including units for surface water assessment (7 pages), sediment transport (7 pages) (filename: water resources assessment draft – amin suliman.ppt) and prediction of watershed runoff (59 pages, filename: wa 5_ prediction of watershed runoff amin suliman.ppt).

In the unit surface water assessment components of the water balance like precipitation, infiltration, runoff and evapotranspiration are addressed as subunits. But only the runoff issue is elaborated in more detail in the subunit “prediction of watershed runoff”. It comprises of methodological approaches like the SCS curve number method, the unit hydrograph concept, the rational formula and the time of concentration. One considerable part deals with the probabilistic prediction of the peak discharge referring to standard methods of flood frequency analysis.

The unit case studies in surface water assessment are not yet included.

During the negotiation workshop Dr. Al Sharif, JUST, presented the Yarmouk river case study where parts of it could be adopted for the case studies, but the focus of his presentation was rather on the integrated water management aspects.

Comment and recommendations
The materials of Dr. Suliman are structured for oral presentation meaning that the text is short and spot descriptive. The materials can be used as supplementary handouts for the course. For the achievement of full textbook quality some more text and figures can be added.

(b) Contribution of Dr. Hamzar Ali

Dr. Hamza Ali was responsible for the units data base systems / GIS, and partly for modelling tools and scenario development. He prepared materials for the GIS unit. It is available digitally as a word document (hamza-gis.doc). The volume comprises 53 pages.

The materials refer to the applicability of GIS in water management. It briefly addresses the issues of watershed, flood and groundwater management, and water quality and decision support systems. This part should be described in more detail e.g. in case studies unit.

The technical aspects of GIS are described in more detail including issues of GIS concepts, data organization, GIS functions, etc. This part is sufficiently elaborated and can directly be used as a textbook. Only the structuring of the text can be supplied by some numbering of the subchapters.

This conclusion is also valid for the subunit Hydrological analysis of a basin by means of digital elevation models (DEM). It introduces the capability of GIS for surface analysis and its interrelation with hydrological basin characteristics.

Some additional exercises are described dealing with an introductory part to ARCGIS, building a base map and watershed and stream network delineation.

Comment and recommendations
For the topic of GIS 4 unit hours are preserved. The elaborated materials exceed the assigned duration. It is recommended to shift some contents in the part modelling tools and scenario development. The chapter GIS for water resources could be linked with case studies, where the GIS part is combined with hydrological models (e.g. groundwater models, flood inundation models, water quality models). It is questionable, if the computer exercises can really be integrated in this course unit. I recommend a shift to a special GIS lecture course (if available).

(c) Contribution of Dr. Chiblak

The provided materials include a printed version of 34 pages and a digital version (filename: “waterresassess.ppt”) of 45 power point sheets. Both materials cover more or less the unit order number 1, 2 and 6. The printed booklet comprises techniques of measurements of the water balance components Precipitation, evapotranspiration and discharge. The Hydrological Atlas of Austria is introduced as a tool for water resources assessment and analysis. Furthermore the Yarmouk River basin was selected as a case study area with reference to the existing gauging network. Unfortunately only sparse data values of the water balance are included.

For the unit 3 “probability and statistic in water resource assessment” only a German paper contribution is made available. Some further contents on that issue are included in the materials of Dr. Suliman. The unit on “water demand” is not yet covered by the available contributions.

Comment and recommendations
Like already stated above the particular units and subchapters of the draft should be sorted by ordering index numbers. The figures should be more commented in the text. The chapter of the hydrological atlas refers to the Austrian authorities responsible for data collection and provision. In addition a description of the responsibilities in Syria should be included. The Yarmouk case study should be complemented by Syrian basin data. It was announced by Dr. Maen, that this data would be made accessible. The digital text file shall be made available to the coordinator for the project download link.

All related files can be downloaded in the   >>> Download-Section.


In the October 2005 meeting it was decided by the involved institutions, that the lecture course on Water Resources Assessment would be held as a 48 hours course. First drafts before were based on a 24 hours course. The increase is due to the number of case studies in the field of surface and groundwater assessment and due to exercises and project.

Groundwater system assessment and the related environmental considerations were not elaborated so far. The stated responsibility is on Dr. Tajjar from Damascus University and Dr. Abu El Shar from Irbid University. Contributions on these subjects are highly recommended.

Several case studies have been presented during the February 2006 meeting in Homs. Some contents of these presentations could partially be used for the course with special emphasis and adoption on the water resources issues.

Descriptions of modelling tools in the field of surface water as well as groundwater transport are still lacking. A brief overview of common computer models will be appreciated. Some support from the Jordan partners is expected.

For the preparation of the final course materials (booklets) a responsible editor board (2-3 persons) should be nominated, who collect the available materials and sort and insert them with appropriate numbering.

The material, which have been provided so far are reasonable, but need some further improvements (see comments). The lacking chapters should be provided until April to enable the fixed accreditation procedure in June 2006.

All related files can be downloaded in the   >>> Download-Section.


Minutes of Meeting between Dr. Wail, Dr. Mounjed and Dr. Todor on Thursday, 29th December 2005, at JUST, Irbit.

Negotiation seminar in Damascus, on Feb 6th – 9th.

  •  Dr. Todor reported that Dr. Yousef Marai is to coordinate in person for the negotiation seminar in Damascus, on Feb 6th – 9th.
  •  The attendees agreed that Dr. Munjed will provide Dr. Marai with the concept presentation and paper for the Yarmouk Basin Case study in the workshop.
  •  During the same workshop the following other subjects will be discussed.
  •  A 4 or 5 outline presentations of papers of different project modules will be presented by the Syrian professors. The project team will go over these modules and comment on modification if needed, and give permission for finalization of the modules.
  •  Dr. Wail will go through a presentation of an outline paper on Virtual water, concepts, ideas, possible applications, and impacts.

The Syrian partners intend to apply for an SCM project to create a master level courses on IWRM. Towards this end, JUST can contribute as a foreign expert to help the program.

Future plans

JUST courses on IWRM (including the use of IRBM course) and Virtual water short course, would be adapted to JUST needs and for know how transfer.

The Jordanian partners are undergoing training on IRBM and Public and Private partnerships.

The Jordan side will provide a statement on the need of software and equipment in relation to the newly developed courses.(Deadline is at the Feb. WRKSHP in Syria).

Meeting in Vienna, 3rd – 10th July 2005
University for Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences (BOKU)

The main objective of this meeting is to prepare a draft version of the course material for „Water Resources Assessment“. At the end of the week a collection of documents and drafted pages (in total approx. 100 pages) should be ready. A first version of a Power Point presentation should be available.

The contents are based on the program draft from May 2005 and are as follows

(1) Basics of water resources, flow paths of water and pollutants

(2) Water resources and balances

(3) Water demand

(4) Groundwater control (IWHW)

(4) Sediment transport and river morphology

(5) Monitoring systems
      a Demo version will come from IWHW

(6) Data base systems and GIS (IWHW)

      6.1 Data reliability of time series (IWHW)

(7) 6.2 data reliability of GIS data (IWHW)

(8) 6.3 data bases (IWHW)

(9) Scenario development

(10) Environmental issues of water management (IWHW)

(12) Modelling tools for water management (IWHW)

(13) Consideration of extremes (IWHW)

(14) Impacts of extreme events (IWHW)

Schedule for meeting in Vienna, 3rd – 10th July 2005

3rd July
4th July
5th July
6th July
7th July
8th July
9th July
10th July








Discussion of the actual outline Sediment transport and river morphology Monitoring systems Data base systems and GIS
Reliability of time series
Data base systems and GIS
Reliability of
Data bases

Practical study tour to the waste water treatment plant of the City of Vienna










10:00-10:30 Basics of water resources and water resources balances
10:30-11:00 Impacts of extreme events Joint Meeting
Discussion of the draft materials
11:00-11:30 WEAP presentation Scenario development
12:30-13:00 Lunch Lunch Lunch Lunch Lunch
14:00-14:30 Water demand Environmental issues of water management Consideration of extremes Joint Meeting
Discussion of the draft materials
General matters and discussion of the textbook stucture
15:30-16:00 Groundwater control Modelling tools for water management Survey of relevenat literature Joint Meeting
Discussion of the draft materials


Course in Delft, the Netherlands, 16th May - 3rd June 2005

The following Syrian teachers will participate in the UNESCO IHE short course from 16th May to 3rd June 2005:

Dr Amjad Shaker
Dr Amjad Zeno
Dr Maan Salameh
Dr Wissam Nakleh

Module Name: Water Transport and Distribution II
Module Code: MWI/W/10


Meeting in Damascus, 20th February 2005

Presentation of:

BOKU by Nachnebel, Holzmann: Marocco, Egypt, UNESCO – Delft, Scientific Activities

Holger Hoff: Potsdam Inst. of Climate Change Research

Maen Al Azmeh: Damascus – Priorities – four courses

1. Water Resources Assessment, 2. Efficiency in Water Use, Water Rights and Conflict Resolution, Use of economic instruments for Water management, plus Ground water management as additional module.

1&2 2005/06 and 3&4 - 06/07

WEAP as a first module – training people of how to use this instrument and the first modules are:

Economic instruments for Water management.

Water resources assessment is a basic thing, water pricing is a big issue and we will have to assess its implication in Syria

Statement be Dr. Wael Mualla (Vice President of Scientific Affairs) launched the idea for a Diploma on water management – one year courses

Also Dr. Mualla asked for the curricula to become “sustainable beyond the TEMPUS project”

It was suggested to design the IWRM curricula as pilot-phase for the Higher Institute for Water Management (HIWM) in Syria.

Reflections on the statement:

  • For the time being we will have to aim at one year diploma including courses on hydrology, GIS, economics, etc.
  • Nachnebel: we will prepare four courses for one year program pilot courses for future master programme.
  • Modelling
  • Advanced pipeline networks
  • GIS is being taught in Damascus
  • Systems Analysis in water resources management - Damascus – (a system approach to water problems)
  • Deficit – water resources assessment, ground water modelling, GIS, decision support systems for water management, background in economics
  • Soil degradation, erosion, pollution of soil, etc. – soil preservation and soil mechanics is part of current education
  • TEMPUS sequencing: fist semester– water resources assessment, second semester the three other TEMPUS topics
  • How to prepare theses courses: water resources assessment (first course),
  • Todor Balabanov suggested to use the internet based learning content management system - A tutor


1. Water Resources Assessment
Monitoring , Water balances, precipitations, catchments, runoff water, GIS tools for the water balance, identification of deficits and surplus of water in space and time, basic modelling tools for surface and groundwater modelling; visualisation tools; introduction to the integrated water resources modelling, indicators describing the water resource, e.g., reliability, vulnerability, etc., examples and case studies for Orontes river, model characteristics, non conventional water, environmental consideration

2. Economic instruments for water management
Basic economic instruments (cost-benefit ratio, project life, discounting, etc,) critical review of the economics – long life of the water project, direct costs are part of the expenses, .e.g., subsidies, etc., cost efficiency, cost effectiveness, utility theory – we use undiscounted scales, principle and standards for water resource evaluation and planning (economic analysis, environmental impact assessment, social impacts, the trade off procedure between above parameters). Evaluation techniques besides economics.

3. WEAP lecture bock: assessment, efficiency measures ranking, 1. explanation of the model itself, the data requirements, and setting of a pilot case; case studies and applications; make a first overview of the water resources balances in the country and/or the region. The preparation will have to involve real data

The following teachers will be working on:

  • Efficiency of water use: Dr. Amjad Zeno and Dr. Wissan Nakhleh, Damascus Uni., Dr. Maan Sclamch, Al-Baath Uni.
  • Water rights and conflict resolution: Dr. Ghassan Ibrahim, Al-Baath Uni., Dr. Youssef Marat, Damascus Uni., Prof. Nachnebel asked to Set up of an Internet based Home Page of the Project till the end of March 2005. Dr. Azmeh with one of his staff will take care of the site and this will be discussed intensively before installation.

Meeting with Dr. Mouna Hassun:

  • After finishing the course packs the pilot implantation will be done jointly by the EU and the Arab partners.
  • A visit of the Jordanian Professors to Syria and vice versa will have to be organised
  • A join Syria-Jordan seminar on settling cross border disputes will organised during the spring of 2006
  • The Jordanian experience in organising a industry-university cooperation will have to be studied and then used (most probably be the mean of SCM project proposal)

Candidates for the courses in UNESCO IWP, Delft:

1. Water Transportation and Distribution 2, 18.05 – 3.06.2005: Dr. Zeno, Damscus, Amjad Shaker, Man Salame, Homs

2. Water Quality control, 15.09. – 16.10.05: Dr. Mari, Dr. Farku, Damascus

Visit to the Water Resources Information Center of the Ministry of Irrigation, SYRIA, supported by JICA Chief Advisor Noriyuki MORI.

Outputs: Register Book of the Observation Stations around Damascus and the coastal region around Latakia includes data on:

  • Meteorology
  • Surface water
  • Groundwater
  • Water Quality (only GDBAB)

1. Annual Data Table

  • Surface water and Groundwater
  • Meteorology, Surface water, and Groundwater and Water Quality

2. Database:

  • Hydrological Observation Water Points;
  • Water Supply & Demand
  • Water Facility

3. GIS server/client software packages were installed in Barada & Awaj Basin, measuring through a number of wells the ground level, the precipitations, Springs and Rivers Discharge

Dr. Azmeh in cooperation with Ministry of Irrigation will fix the data set to be made available to the partner Universities.

Mdm. De Witte (Mob: 092840713) was very helpful in establishing contact with JICA.

Gerhard de Vries as a part of the Dutch delegation arrived 22.02. in Damascus.

Issues raised with Dutch partners

Meeting in Amman, 19th February 2005

Munjed Al-Sharif - Director Rania Al-Abdullah Center for Environmental Science & Technology in Jordan University of Science and Technology (JUST)

Nazim Al-Abed – Associate Professor of Water Resources and Management. Trained in Canada, GIS: Land use, soil classification, topography of the land,

Jamal Abu-Ashour – JUST, Water resources engineering, ground water management


The owner of GIS data in Jordan is the Royal Geographical centre, e.g., for topographical, land use and soil information for the Amman Zarqa and Mujib and Amzacha basins.

Example of an ongoing project with the Ministry of Water and Irrigation is the Water allocation and reservoir management modelling of Al Wala and Tannur dams. End of June 2005 there will be an workshop on this modelling. Another model is Powersome - a Belgium system dynamics model already implemented. JUST will give some us information on the models and we will exchange ideas and infos. JUST wants to have model application department.

Also the civil engineering department at JUST offers water demand management courses funded by the US with participants e.g. from ministries.

BOKU – we have experiences in Tunisia, Morocco, Egypt, etc.

As a part of the IWRM some social, environmental and administrative issues at national, regional and intergovernmental levels we have also to be consider.

The required Courses:

  • Water resources Assessment
  • Efficiency of water use
  • Negotiations and Water rights

Additional input to the latter could be the EU Water directive and other international IWRM experience, as well as the UNESCO programme –, World water assessment programme, PCCP (Potential Conflicts – Cooperation Potential) – a lot of material available for these courses.

Water efficiency use should include - monitoring, metering, training, information processing, identification of water use efficiency in domestic, industry and agricultural users. Economic evaluation of water resources exploitation, distribution and use is necessary.

Multi-criteria decision-making is an extension of the economic evaluation and different courses have been held and the respective material is available.

Water resources assessment – modelling, data integration and visualisation

Use of economic instruments for water management – you cannot price water ??? but a lot of funds are sent on making water available. So incentives are needed to make aware the end users aware of the pricing.

JUST priorities: (course duration: 48 hours– one semester course – three credit hours)

1. Economic instruments for water management (see About Project).
Cost assessment and cost structure; techniques for water recourse mobilisation, JUST – 1: water pricing; 2. Pollution and environment charges: polluters pay principle, 3, privatisation: ownership transfer, establishing of private entities, private sector participation, public private partnerships, JO experience, 4. Social implication and equity and water allocation, 5. Economics of water reuse. Which computer models can be included in the courses?

2. Water rights and conflict resolution: internal legislation in Jordan (section water rights issues in Jo), BOKU (EU perspective, International water laws, Hoff on Australian specifics, competition between different sectors BOKU – methodologies and their applications. Munjed – suggestion to apply WEAP for cross border problems, if Syrian partners are agreeable – at the end of the project a join seminar. (an outline done by BOKU will be send at a later stage)

List of lectures can be easily identified – 4 blocks 4 lectures: 1 block JO Laws, EU and itenr laws; conflict resolution techniques and 1 block applications.

Nachtnebel will make a proposal and sent it to the JO partners.

Week workshop for 2 JO teachers and eventually 3 Syrians

Virtual water part and subsidies and incentives goes to the existing course on Alternative water supply.

Equipment: JUST has received a grant for Environmental engineering laboratory (80000 USD) from the USAID. Digesters, spectrophotometers, etc. but the decision from JUST will be coming.